Depending on the cause, treatment options include: topical minoxidil, oral finasteride, anti-fungal medications, steroids, hair transplantation, or platelet rich plasma (PRP) therapy. Alternatives for total hair loss include the use of hairpieces or hair fibers.
How can you tell if you have non-scarring alopecia?
In non-scarring alopecia, hair follicles are preserved with potential for hair regrowth. In scarring alopecia, the hair follicle is irreversibly destroyed due to destruction of stem cells in the bulge area of the outer root sheath, and replaced by fibrous scar tissue, leading to permanent hair loss.
What helps alopecia grow back?
Prescription-strength corticosteroids in liquid form can be applied directly to the scalp. This is often an effective treatment for children affected by alopecia areata. Corticosteroid injections into areas of patchy hair loss on the scalp may help revive hair growth within several weeks in people with alopecia areata.
Can scarring alopecia be treated?
Scarring alopecias that involve mostly lymphocyte inflammation of hair follicles, such as lichen planopilaris and pseudopelade, are generally treated with corticosteroids in topical creams and by injection into the affected skin. In addition, antimalarial and isotretinoin drugs may be used.
What triggers scarring alopecia?
There are a variety of reasons patients develop scarring alopecia, including inflammatory skin diseases, chronic hair styling habits, infection and trauma.
Is scarring alopecia permanent?
Though hair loss due to scarring alopecia is permanent and cannot be reversed once scarred, it can be treated to help prevent further hair loss and scarring. The treatment recommended for you will depend on the cause of your scarring alopecia.
How quickly does alopecia spread?
People with alopecia areata typically have smooth, round patches of complete hair loss that develop over a period of a few weeks, followed in most cases by regrowth over several months (picture 1).
What causes frontal fibrosis alopecia?
The exact underlying cause of frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA) is unknown. FFA is thought to be an autoimmune condition in which an affected person’s immune system mistakenly attacks the hair follicles (structures in the skin that make hair).